The game of basketball was originated from a peach basket and a round ball more than one hundred years ago. In recent decades, Dr.James Naismith created the first rough basketball model, thus NBA has become the family of all the greatest palyers in the basketball history.
『贰』 NBA 英文版发展史
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball league, composed of thirty teams in North America (twenty-nine in the United States and one in Canada). It is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB), which is recognized by the International Basketball Federation as the National Governing Body (NGB) for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major North American professional sports leagues, which include Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Football League (NFL), and the National Hockey League (NHL).
The league was founded in New York City on June 6, 1946 as the Basketball Association of America (BAA). The league adopted the name National Basketball Association in 1949 after merging with the rival National Basketball League (NBL). The league's several international as well as indivial team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York City. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey.
From its inception as a league in 1949, the National Basketball Association (NBA) had grown from a small league garnering little interests from the American public to a global juggernaut responsible for making basketball into the fastest growing sport in the world! The history of the NBA is filled with remarkable stories and captivating characters. Starting as a league featuring 8 teams to its current 30 teams. From the first superstar, center George Mikan of the Minneapolis Lakers, to its current star, Chinese center Yao Ming of the Houston Rockets.
Here at RingSurf NBA, we realize that true fans appreciate the history and evolution of the game in the world’s greatest basketball league. That is why we are devoting a special segment documenting the History of the NBA, highlighting significant changes, moments, and players of the game. Our special segments trace the dynasties of the Minneapolis Lakers, Boston Celtics, and Chicago Bulls, as well as recording the significance of such great players and ambassadors of the game from George Mikan, Bill Russell, Elgin Baylor, Wilt Chamberlain, Julius Erving, Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Michael Jordan, and Shaquille O’Neal.
To fully appreciate the NBA as it is now, it is important to recognize the history that has allowed it to achieve the status it maintains today. You will see that the NBA was as exciting back then as it is now!
1995's labor problems between the National Basketball Association, the National Basketball Players Association and a group of so-called "dissident players" who are attempting to decertify the union have caused basketball fans to wonder aloud "what happened to the 'partnership' between the players and owners and when did their relationship become so adversarial?" The relative obscurity of the league until the 1980s has hidden the fact that labor negotiations between the league and it's players have always been painful, litigious, and drawn out.
The salary cap in sports is nothing new. Its origin in basketball can be traced back to the league's $55,000 salary cap for the league's first season, 1946-47. Most players earned between $4,000 and $5,000, but there were a few exceptions. Tom King of the Detroit Falcons for example. He drew the league's highest salary, $16,500, not solely because of his playing ability, but also e to his front office ties as the team's publicity director and business manager. Philadelphia's star scorer, Joe Fulks, pulled in $8,000 for his league-leading 23.2 points a game (King's rookie season was a bit less successful. He averaged 5.1 points in his only year and the Falcons went out of business following the season).
From 1946 to 1949 the top players managed to use the leverage of two rival leagues, the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League, to carve out a fair existence for themselves. George Mikan, the premier player of the era, signed a five-year contract with the Chicago American Gears worth $60,000 plus incentives in 1946; Bob Davies of the Rochester Royals, considered the top guard in basketball, was rewarded with a four-year, $50,000 contract; and Jim Pollard, a Hall of Fame forward, signed with the Minneapolis Lakers for $12,000 a year in 1947. The BAA was able to convince four of the best NBL franchises: Minneapolis (which featured Mikan and Pollard), along with Indianapolis, Fort Wayne and Rochester (who brought Davies) into switching leagues in an effort to exert their superiority. The NBL was far from dead however, and in 1949, after the NBL stunned the BAA by awarding a franchise to a group of former college stars from the University of Kentucky (which included All-Americans Alex Groza and Frank Beard, both top prospects), who would then each draw a salary of $10,000. The two leagues, which had been bitter rivals, merged to form the National Basketball Association, leaving the players with two options: play for the salary the NBA offered you or play Amateur Athletic Union basketball for a company team (such as the Phillips 66ers, Akron Goodyears or Peoria Caterpillers), an option which a few of the top players, including Clyde Lovellette, Jim Pollard and George Yardley chose.
Economic conditions continued unchanged through 1954, at which point Bob Cousy, the league's top player, began to organize the NBPA, which would become the first team sports player's union. Cousy began by writing to an established player from each of the league's teams (Paul Arizin of Philadelphia, Carl Braun of New York, Bob Davies of Rochester, Paul Hoffman of Baltimore, Andy Phillip of Fort Wayne, Pollard, Dolph Schayes of Syracuse and Don Sunderlage of Milwaukee) in hopes of encouraging solidarity among the players. All but Phillip responded positively (of all the owners, Fort Wayne's Fred Zollner, who owned a machine works plant, was the staunchest union opponent and this prevented the Pistons players from participating), and Cousy next went to NBA President Maurice Podoloff at the January, 1955 NBA All-Star Game with a list of concerns: payment of back salaries to the members of the defunct Baltimore Bullets club; establishment of a twenty-game limit on exhibition games, after which the players should share in the profits; abolition of the $15 "whispering fine" which referees could impose on a player ring a game; payment of $25 expenses for public appearances other than radio, television or certain charitable functions; establishment of an impartial board of arbitration to settle player-owner disputes; moving expenses for traded players; and payment of player salaries in ten installments rather that twelve, to provide more money to players cut ring the season. Podoloff agreed to the payment of two weeks' salary to six players who had played for Baltimore before the franchise folded and committed to meeting with the player representatives within two weeks over their concerns.
Podoloff and league owners continued to put off the players until Cousy met with AFL-CIO officials over possible union affiliation in January of 1957. The league then agreed to bargain in good faith with the players union following the season. In April, the NBA Board of Governors formally recognized the NBPA and agreed to their terms:
-a probationary abolition of the whisper fine
-a seven dollar per diem and other reasonable traveling expenses
-an increase in the 1957-58 playoff pool
-regular players would no longer be required to report to training camp earlier than four weeks prior to the season
-elimination of exhibition games within three days of the season opener or on the day prior to a regular season game with a limit of three exhibition games ring the season
-player contracts would be mailed no later than September 1st
-referral of player-owner disputes to the NBA League President or a committee of three NBA Governors to be chosen by the player
-considerate treatment for the player in regards to radio and television appearances
-reasonable moving expenses for a player traded ring the season.
In 1958, following the victory of the fledgling union, Cousy would resign his position as NBPA President after becoming frustrated with nonpayment of the $10 annual union es by many of the players. His replacement as head of the union would be his Boston teammate Tom Heinsohn.
Under Heinsohn's leadership, the union would assume a more aggressive approach regarding negotiations with the league. Heinsohn, Schayes and Richie Guerin of New York reached an agreement with the owners in January of 1961 over a player pension. The owners agreed in principle to a pension plan for the league's players, with details to be worked out in meetings to begin in February after the players had set a goal of $100 a month at age 65 for players with five years of service and $200 a month at age 65 for players with ten years of service.
Talks failed to bring an agreement and in 1962, after meeting with several candidates, Heinsohn hired attorney Lawrence Fleisher as the union's General Counsel in an effort to obtain a pension plan and achieve other union goals (which included the standardization of the use of team trainers, the elimination of Saturday night games preceding Sunday afternoon television games, a increase in player per diem, a rection in preseason games, and player free agency).
Little progress occurred until the January 1964 All-Star Game. The game was important national television exposure for the league, and also presented a unique opportunity for the players. The players threatened to not play the game over the lack of a pension agreement. Minutes before game time NBA President Walter Kennedy gave his personal guarantee that adoption of a pension plan would occur at the next owners meeting, which took place in May when they approved a plan in which they would contribute 50% toward the purchase of a $2,000 endowment policy.
Heinsohn would continue as NBPA President until Oscar Robertson of Cincinnati succeeded him in 1966. Robertson's first major move was to announce at the January 1967 All-Star Game that the players would ask the owners that they be paid for exhibition games, that the limit on the number of exhibitions be reced from 15 to 10, and that the NBPA hopes to meet with representatives of Major League Baseball and National Football League players concerning more unity among professional athletes. Tensions between the union and owners escalated until the owners announced in March that the playoff would be canceled unless the players gave assurances that they would "comply with their contracts" and participate in the playoffs as scheled. The union then responded by threatening to file for certification with the National Labor Relations Board and to strike the playoffs in an effort to upgrade their pension plan. The dispute was settled soon after, with the players receiving an agreement which included:
-a $600 a month pension for players with ten years of service at age 65 and retroactively to the beginning of the career for all active players
-new medical and insurance benefits
-elimination of games played immediately before the All-Star Game
-an 82-game limitation on the regular season
-discussion of exhibition game pay
-formation of a committee to review the standard player contract before the 1967-68 season
Prior to the 1968-69 season, the union and NBA agreed on their first revision of the standard players contract which would increase salaries with the minimum rookie salary raised to $10,000 for 1968-69 and $13,000 in 1970-71 and the minimum pensioned veteran's salary raised to $12,500 in 1968-69 and $13,500 in 1969-70.
With the formation of a new rival league, the American Basketball Association, in 1967, the players' salaries again began to increase. With players such as Rick Barry, Billy Cunningham and Zelmo Beaty jumping to the new league for bigger contracts, and with the new league's success in signing top college talent like Mel Daniels and Spencer Haywood, the NBA soon opened talks with the ABA about a possible merger of the two leagues. As a merger drew near in 1970, the players filed the "Oscar Robertson Suit", an antitrust suit to block any merger; do away with the option clause which bound a player to a team in perpetuity; the college draft, which limited the player to negotiating with one club; and restrictions on free agent signings; and seeking compensation for damages incurred in the past e to the option clause. The union then received a restraining order to block any merger, and the talks then died. The acrimony didn't block a new labor agreement however, as the NBPA came to a three-year labor agreement with the NBA in October of 1970 with an increase in minimum salaries, the playoff pool and the per diem allowance.
After attempts to work out a compromise with the players in 1971 and to get Congressional approval for a merger in 1972 failed, the NBPA (now led by NBPA President Paul Silas of Boston who replaced Robertson in 1975) and the league reached a tentative agreement giving players free agency with their teams awarded compensation through 1980 (with the compensation of cash, players or draft choices determined by the NBA Commissioner) after which the player's former team would hold the right of first refusal on any free agent signings; limiting a teams rights to a drafted player to one year after which he would go back into the draft a second time if unsigned; ending the option clause in all contracts (with the exception of one-year rookie contracts); and paying about 500 players $4.3 million as a settlement and $1 million for the union's legal fees, pending agreement of a new collective bargaining agreement and dismissal of the Oscar Robertson Suit. Along with a new six-year collective bargaining agreement which brought with it an increase in pension benefits; the minimum salary (from $20,000 to $30,000); the per diem; medical and dental coverage, term life insurance; the playoff pool; and player's shares for the All-Star Game, the players could claim a major victory. While the leagues did indeed merge, the players now could negotiate with more than one club, insuring a better position for contract negotiation.
Following a new three-year collective bargaining agreement (which included increases in the minimum salary, elimination of no-trade agreements in player contracts in 1980) and Silas' resignation as union head in order to become coach of the San Diego Clippers, financial health of the league became a major concern. Numerous franchises suffered from serious losses, headed by Cleveland, Denver, Indiana, Kansas City, San Diego and Utah. Some, including Kansas City and San Diego, nearly provoked a player strike in 1982 as they fell behind on their deferred payments to former players, as the league totaled an estimated $80 million to $90 million in deferred money owed to players. With the very real threat of the loss of franchises and player jobs, the union, now led by its new president Bob Lanier, agreed to a new four-year collective bargaining agreement in March of 1983 after strained negotiations and the threat of a player strike. The agreement was ground breaking for professional sports as it included:
- a salary cap guarantying the players between 53% and 57% of the NBA's gross revenues (gate receipts, local and national television and radio revenue and preseason and postseason revenue)
-$500,000 a year in licensing revenue
-a guarantee that the league will maintain 253 player jobs even if there is a rection in the number of teams
The 1983 agreement would prove to be a major turning point for the league. An amendment later in the year which implemented the NBA's first league-wide substance abuse policy, proved to be a big step in cleaning up the league's image problems, and brilliant young players like Magic Johnson, Larry Bird and Michael Jordan excited the fans.
The financial well-being of the league improved under Commissioner David Stern, who assumed the position in 1984, but in 1987 the owners and players clashed over the salary cap, right of first refusal and college draft. Following a brief signing moratorium and a failed attempt at an antitrust suit by a player group headed by NBPA President Junior Bridgeman of Milwaukee, and the threat of union decertification, an agreement on a six-year collective bargaining agreement is reached, including:
-continuation of the salary cap; guarantying the players 53% of the leagues revenues
-recing the college draft to three rounds in 1988 and two rounds in 1989
-eliminating of the right of first refusal after a player completes his second contract with unrestricted free agency for certain veteran players
-the inclusion of five-year veterans who finished their careers prior to 1965 in the pension plan.
Mutual good will continued under the cap until 1991, at which point the NBPA discovered that the league had underreported their income by excluding revenues from luxury suite rentals, playoff ticket sales and arena signage. After a legal dispute in which the league argued that the income fell outside of the defined revenues of the salary cap, and an increase of a total of $92.7 in player salaries and pension funding e to a ruling in favor of the union, the players would no longer look at their agreement with ownership as the "partnership" Stern had frequently proclaimed it.
Creative accounting would open loopholes in the cap as the restructuring of contracts, early termination clauses, one-year contracts and balloon payments provided means for teams to circumvent the cap in order to sign players. Following the completion of the labor deal in 1994, the league and players managed to reach a no-strike, no-lockout agreement to protect the 1994-95 season, playing under the previous agreement in hopes of striking a new deal ring the season. Talks were unsuccessful, and a lockout was imposed by the owners following the completion of the 1995 NBA Finals in an effort by the owners to put pressure on the players. When the union (represented by NBPA President Buck Williams of Portland and NBPA Executive Director Simon Gourdine) reached a highly-secretive agreement with the league (represented by NBA Commissioner David Stern and NBA Deputy Commissioner & Chief Operating Officer Russ Granik) which included a luxury tax, rookie salary cap and other provisions designed to tighten the salary cap; a group of players led by Michael Jordan and Patrick Ewing began an effort to decertify the union. Noting the concerns over possible restrictions on player movement, the player representatives chose not to ratify the agreement and sent it back for further negotiation. In August, after the union had imposed a deadline to pressure the league into concessions, the luxury tax was dropped and exceptions for veteran free agents were restored in a revised agreement. The group seeking decertification remained unsatisfied and chose to press for an end to the union in hopes that it would provide the players with a means to sue the league under antitrust law to end the salary cap, college draft and restrictions on free agency. A decertification election was then held in September of 1995, with the players voting 226-134 against, a few days later player representatives voted 25-2 in favor of ratifying the agreement. The owners quickly voted 24-5 in favor of the agreement and the owner-imposed lockout was lifted days later. The contract remained unsigned until June of 1996 when the players and owners finalized the deal. The final agreement included:
-unrestricted free agency for all players following the conclusion of their contracts
-a guarantee of 48.04% of all Basketball Related Income to the players, which now included luxury suites, international television and arena signage
-various player exemptions to the cap, with the league keeping the so-called "Larry Bird Exemption" which allowed teams to re-sign their own free agents at any price
-shortening of the college draft to one round, beginning in 1998
-rookie salary cap with a graated scale depending on the position a player is drafted, allowing him free agency after his third season.
The Rookie salary cap proved to be a windfall for the players. Draft choices such as Kevin Garnett (six years, $121 million) and Rasheed Wallace (six years, $80 million) and Bryant Reeves (six years, $65 million) all received huge contract extensions, while others like Antionio McDyess, Damon Stoudamire, Joe Smith and Jerry Stackhouse were traded before they could become free agents.
Another perceived problem was the loss of control over the players. After Latrell Sprewell was suspended by the league for a year and had his contract terminated by Golden State after an attack on coach P.J. Carlesimo, an arbitrator ruled that the penalty was to harsh, shortening his suspension to the remainder of the season and reinstating his contract, citing past penalties for violence by players.
During the 1997-98 season the NBA owners voted to re-open the collective bargaining agreement, claiming losses by 13 teams. The union, now led by its new Patrick Ewing of New York and Executive Director William Hunter, is expected to meet owner demands (including greater authority for the Commissioner in disciplining the players, an inclusion of marijuana in the league's drug testing and a hard salary cap), with resistance, citing the league's new four-year $2.4 billion television deal with NBC and Turner Sports as a counter to the plea of poverty and looking to restore the league's middle class and curb control of the Commissioner ability to impose punishment over players. Provisions in the television contracts guarantying the owners money even in the event of a work stoppage, and the failure of the rookie salary cap to curtail big contacts to young players may bring about a lockout ring the summer and lead to the loss of games for the first time in the league's history.
1964-65 Boston Celtics 62 - 18 (.775)
Led by Bill Russell, Sam Jones, John Havlicek, Tom Sanders and Tom Heinsohn...Broke its own league record for most victories in a season and went on to win the Celtics' seventh consecutive NBA championship...Battled the Philadelphia 76ers in an East Finals for the ages, winning Game Seven 110-109; John Havlicek's deflection at game's end proced the legendary "Havlicek stole the ball!" radio call from Celtics broadcaster Johnny Most...Defeated the L.A. Lakers 4-1 in 1965 NBA Finals.
1966-67 Philadelphia 76ers 68 - 13 (.840)
Propelled by Wilt Chamberlain, Hal Greer, Chet Walker and Billy Cunningham, started the season 46-4 and went on to set record for most victories in a season (broken by 1971-72 L.A. Lakers)...Ended Celtics' run of eight consecutive championships by defeating Boston 4-1 in Eastern Division Finals...Defeated the San Francisco Warriors 4-2 in 1967 NBA Finals.
1969-70 New York Knicks 60 - 22 (.732)
Willis Reed, Walt Frazier, Dick Barnett, Dave DeBusschere, Bill Bradley and Cazzie Russell starred for one of the best passing teams in NBA history...Captured New York's first NBA Championship by defeating Los Angeles 4-3 in the memorable 1970 NBA Finals...Captain Willis Reed, who missed Game Six e to a torn leg muscle, hobbled onto the Madison Square Garden floor before Game Seven and scored New York's first two baskets to inspire the Knicks to a 113-99 victory.
1971-72 L.A. Lakers 69 - 13 (.841)
Gail Goodrich, Jerry West, Wilt Chamberlain, Jim McMillian and Happy Hairston combined to bring Lakers their first championship of the Los Angeles era...Broke Philadelphia's 1966-67 record for wins in a season (broken by Chicago in 1995-96), at one point winning 33 consecutive games, a record that still stands...Won NBA record 16 consecutive road games...Best road winning percentage in NBA history (.816; 31-7)...Defeated New York 4-1 in 1972 NBA Finals.
1982-83 Philadelphia 76ers 65 - 17 (.793)
Moses Malone joined the 76ers as a free agent and teamed with Julius Erving, Andrew Toney, Maurice Cheeks and Bobby Jones to bring the 76ers their first title in 16 seasons...Malone proclaimed the 76ers would sweep through the NBA Playoffs in "Fo', Fo', Fo'" and he wasn't far off as Philadelphia cruised in "Fo', Fi', Fo'" to post the best winning percentage in NBA Playoffs history at .923 (12-1).
1985-86 Boston Celtics 67 - 15 (.817)
Stung by a 4-2 loss to the L.A. Lakers in the 1985 NBA Finals, Larry Bird led the Celtics featuring Robert Parish, Kevin McHale, Dennis Johnson, Danny Ainge and a rejuvenated Bill Walton to the best record in franchise history and a 4-2 defeat of Houston in the 1986 NBA Finals...Posted 40-1 record at Boston Garden, best home winning percentage (.976) in NBA history...Fifth-best overall winning percentage ever (.817).
1986-87 L.A. Lakers 65 - 17 (.793)
The Lakers recaptured their place atop the NBA thanks to the "Showtime" fast-break style spearheaded by Earvin "Magic" Johnson and teammates Kareem Abl-Jabbar, James Worthy, Byron Scott, A.C. Green and Michael Cooper...Johnson averaged a career-best 23.9 points per game and led the league in assists with a 12.2 average...Lakers defeated Boston 4-2 in the 1987 NBA Finals after winning 11 of their first 12 games in the playoffs.
1988-89 Detroit Pistons 63 - 19 (.768)
Isiah Thomas, Bill Laimbeer, Joe Dumars, Mark Aguirre, Vinnie Johnson and Dennis Rodman combined to form the heart of one of the strongest defensive teams in the modern era...Lacking a dominant center, Pistons featured a potent three-guard rotation and a deep bench that rebounded and defended relentlessly...Pistons were 15-2 in 1989 playoffs, including 4-0 sweep of L.A. Lakers in 1989 NBA Finals.
1991-92 Chicago Bulls 67 - 15 (.817)
Michael Jordan dominated the NBA and received strong support from teammates Scottie Pippen, Horace Grant, B.J. Armstrong, Bill Cartwright and John Paxson...Topped previous championship season by winning six more games than in 1990-91, the fifth-winningest season in league history...Defeated the Portland Trail Blazers 4-2 in 1992 NBA Finals.
1995-96 Chicago Bulls 72 - 10 (.878)
Featuring Superman (Michael Jordan), Batman (Scottie Pippen) and Rodman (Dennis Rodman), Bulls shattered record for most wins in a regular season...Won 87 of 100 games, including the playoffs...Ron Harper, Luc Longley, Toni Kukoc and Steve Kerr rounded out core of driven team that featured triangle offense...Started season an amazing 41-3...Jordan's first full season since returning from retirement.
Basketball was on the Olympic programme in 1904, but the event was contested by only a few American club teams and actually served as the AAU (Amateur （业余爱好者）Athletic Union of the USA) Championship for that year. Thus the event is usually considered only an exhibition. The winning team, incidentally（偶然地）, was the Buffalo German club, which was so dominant in those days that they were incted（引导；引入） into the Basketball Hall of Fame as a team.
In 1936, basketball made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympics, and the sport has been included in every Olympic Games since. In 1976, women's basketball was added to the programme. The United States has dominated international basketball. The USA won all the Olympic titles until 1972 when they were defeated by the Soviet Union. The Soviet women were originally the top team on the female side, winning gold in 1976, 1980 and 1992, but the US women have now surpassed them, winning gold medals in 1984, 1988, 1996 and 2000.
Today, basketball has become one of the most popular sports in the world, rivalling （竞争，对抗）football (soccer) for world-wide popularity and trailing only volleyball and track and field athletics in terms of number of member federations. US College basketball is wildly popular in the United States, culminating each March with the NCAA Championships. The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the professional basketball league in the United States and universally considered to be the strongest in the world with the European leagues being close in terms of competition and public awareness.
『拾』 NBA的起源 英文版 急啊~~~~
美国的篮球协会在 1946 年被东北和中西部的主要运动竞技场的拥有者发现了，最特别地，麦迪逊广场在纽约市栽培花木。 虽然已经有较早的尝试在专业的篮球联盟, 包括美国篮球联盟和国立篮球联盟, BAA 是尝试主要地在主要的城市大竞技场中玩的第一个联盟。 在它的早的年期间，虽然，游戏的质量在 BAA 不显然地比在竞争方面还要好联盟或在主要的之中中立派联合行动如此的当做黑人住宅区世界观光旅行家。 举例来说，这 1947 ABL 决赛选手巴尔的摩子弹移动到 BAA了而且嬴得被嬴得了 1949 BAA 的这 1948 NBL 冠军明尼亚波尼斯州湖鱼跟随的它的 1948 名称命名。 在 1946 年十一月 1 日，多伦多强壮结实之人主办了全美篮球协会现在视为它的第一场游戏在联盟的历史中被玩的纽约灯笼裤。
在 1949 季节之后， BAA 同意以 NBL 合并,把国立篮球协会扩张到位于一个大又小城市的混合、连同大的竞技场和较小的健身房和军械库的十七个许可。在 1950 年，全美篮球协会联合至十一个许可，继续到 1954 的一个程序，当联盟达成了八个许可的它最小大小的时候，全部都仍然在联盟中。 (灯笼裤, 塞尔特人的, 战士、湖鱼、皇家/国王、活塞、鹰和国民/76人队)
当缩短的时候, 联盟也看见对较大的城市的它的较小的城市许可动作。移转的鹰从 " 三城市的 "(区域现在当做线组城市知道) 到密尔瓦基然后到圣路易斯; 从罗彻斯特到辛辛那提的皇家,从堡垒韦恩到底特律的活塞。
虽然当他为纽约尼克玩的时候，日本-美国 Wataru Misaka 在 1947-48 季节内技术上断掉了全美篮球协会彩色障碍，但是 1950 被认为，那年全美篮球协会与波士顿塞尔提克以一些队包括的非洲后裔美国运动员的附加轻叩整合了库柏, Nat" Sweetwater" 克利夫顿用纽约尼克、和伯爵与华盛顿国会大厦的劳埃德。 今天, 比五十年之后还要多, 全美篮球协会由许多不同的比赛的运动员组成,藉由不同的背景和文化。 多数 (80%) 的全美篮球协会运动员今天是非洲后裔美国的。
在这时期期间，被中央乔治 Mikan 引导的明尼亚波尼斯州湖鱼,嬴得了五场全美篮球协会冠军赛而且建立了他们自己作为它的第一的个朝代。
为了要在游戏上面使高兴，联盟介绍了 24-秒注射在 1954 年的时钟.
在 1956 年，新手中央的比尔罗素叁加了波士顿塞尔提克，他[她] 已经由守卫鲍伯 Cousy 主演而且训练红色的 Auerbach, 而且继续引导俱乐部走向十三个季节的十一全美篮球协会名称。集中在 1959 年被进入联盟的青枯病侍从而且变成了 1960 年代的占优势个别星,在得分而且弹回方面创造新的记录。 罗素的敌对用侍从在团队运动的历史中变成了棒个别的敌对之一。
经过这时期，全美篮球协会继续以到洛杉矶的明尼亚波尼斯州湖鱼的变化加强, 费城战士到旧金山, 和对费城、连同它的第一个扩充许可的附加的锡拉库札国民。
在 1967 年，联盟用美国篮球协会的形成面对了一种新的外部威胁。 联盟在才能的一个竞标战争中约定了。全美篮球协会登陆了连同奥斯卡罗伯逊一起在他的第二的季节、和谁稍后利用了五场湖鱼冠军赛队中引导了密尔瓦基公鹿走向名称的时代, Kareem 阿布杜-Jabbar(然后已知的当做 Lew Alcindor) 的最重要学院星。
然而，全美篮球协会的主要记录员，瑞克巴里跳到了 ABA, 如同做四个退伍军人仲裁人-基准的 Drucker 、伯爵 Strom 、约翰 Vanak 和乔 Gushue。
ABA 也成功地签署一些主要的星, 包括犹利 Erving, 部份地，因为它允许了队签署学院大学生。 全美篮球协会在这期间快速地扩大, 一个目的在绑好大多数的能养活的城市。 在 1976 季节之后，联盟到达了为对全美篮球协会的四个 ABA 许可的附加提供的殖民,升起在那时的联盟中的许可的数字至 22 。
联盟把 ABA 的创新三点的射门开始加入 1979 打开游戏。 那同年，分别地，新手拉里鸟和魔术詹森叁加了波士顿塞尔提克和洛杉矶湖人,在国家和世界各处在狂热者的兴趣中开始一个重要生长的时期全美篮球协会。 鸟继续引导塞尔特人者走向三名称，而且詹森继续引导湖鱼走向五。
麦可．乔登在 1984 年和芝加哥公牛进入了联盟,提供一个更流行的星支援对联盟的增加兴趣。 1989 ，较进一步的扩充升起在联盟中的队的数字至 27 。 在 1990 年代期间，约旦继续引导公牛走向六名称。 (1991-1993,1996-1998)
1990 年代也看见较棒的全球化。 1992 奥运会的篮球梦队，第一个使用现在的全美篮球协会星,由麦可．乔登，拉里鸟主演, 和魔术詹森。 愈来愈多的全美篮球协会星运动员也开始来自其他的国家。 最初, 大部份这些运动员, 像是 1994个全美篮球协会 MVP Hakeem 尼日利亚的 Olajuwon,首先玩了 NCAA 篮球提高他们的技术。 一个逐渐增加的数字, 虽然，已经从玩全球的其他地方到在全美篮球协会, 像是那年和 2006个世界的 2002个全美篮球协会新手冠军赛 MVP Pau 西班牙的 Gasol 中以星状物装饰直接地移动, 第一精选在 2002 全美篮球协会草稿 Yao 中中国的明， 2002个世界冠军赛和 Eurobasket 2005 MVP 短剑德国的 Nowitzki 、和 2004 阿根廷的奥运会的巡回赛 MVP 摩奴 Ginobili。 今天，来自说英语的世界的年轻的运动员容易在全美篮球协会 (值得注意的例子是摘澳洲的安德鲁 Bogut 的 2005 和 2006MVP 史蒂夫纳什，加拿大人和 2005 高层草稿) 中玩之前进入美国学院而其他的国际运动员通常从专业的俱乐部队到达全美篮球协会。 全美篮球协会现在以 42种语言在 212个国家中被广播。 在 1996 年全美篮球协会产生了一个女人的联盟，女人的国立篮球协会, 而且在 2001 年产生一使较小的联盟加入, 国立篮球发展联盟, 现在呼叫全美篮球协会发展联盟。
在 1998 年，全美篮球协会拥有者开始了持续了 191 的一个 ×锁-数天而且在 1999 年一月 18 日被安顿. 这一个 ×锁的结果季节从 82 到 50场游戏,全部在早的 1999 年被玩被减少的 1998-99 全美篮球协会.
在 2006 年六月 29 日，一个新的官方游戏球为 2006-07 季节被介绍了, 在 35 年内为对球的第一个变化作标记和只有在 60个季节内的秒个。 由 Spalding 制造，新的球以新的设计为特色，而且 Spalding 要求的提供较好的紧握,感觉, 和超过最初的球一致性。 然而, 许多运动员是声音的在他们的轻蔑方面为新的球, 说它太黏黏当弄干, 和太光滑的何时变湿。 全美篮球协会已经答应做新球的广泛测试, 但是如此远还没有显示指示，因而它计划回到较旧的皮革球。 也新的在 2006 年, 全美篮球协会队毛织运动衫现在将会在公司之后被爱迪达制造购买短角羚,早先的统一供应者。
在夏天休息之后，队在十月支撑据点。据点允许那训练设置职员评估运动员 (尤其新手), 斥候队的力量和弱点, 为运动员严厉的例行赛做准备, 而且决定 12 男人的活跃名单 (和一本 3 男人的不活动的目录, 如果需要的) 与哪一个他们将会开始例行赛。 队有能力对全美篮球协会发展联盟分配有着少于二年的经验的运动员。 在据点之后，一系列的旺季前的展览游戏被拿着。 全美篮球协会例行赛在十一月的第一个星期内开始。
在例行赛中, 每个队玩 82场游戏, 平均地被分开在家之间和离开游戏。 时间表对所有的队是不同一的。一个队一年四次面对它自己的区分的对手,在它的会议或三或四次中从另外二区分联成一组, 而且在另一个会议中联成一组两次每人。 一个队能因此有一种相对容易或者困难的时间表、仰赖区分和会议它位于。 在对国立曲棍球联盟的计划安排格式的最近变化之后，全美篮球协会在例行赛期间玩彼此在北美是现在唯一的主要联盟, 和哪里季节票持有人能在任何的一个季节内被到达城镇的联盟中见到每个队。
在二月，全美篮球协会例行赛被打断庆祝年度全美篮球协会全体红演员上演的游戏。 狂热者在美国各处被投票, 加拿大和经过英特网, 和最上面的选票-获取的人在每个会议的每个位置上在他们会议的全体红演员上演队上有一个出发地点。 公共汽车投票选择剩余的 14 为全体红演员上演的。 然后，东方在全体红演员上演的游戏中的向西面对。 有着最好的表现的运动员在游戏期间与一个游戏 MVP 奖赏一起奖赏。 全体红演员上演休息的其他吸引包括 T-可动装置的新手挑战游戏, 坑对抗彼此的最好的新手和最好的第二年运动员; 脚锁柜三点的枪战, 在运动员之间的一个竞争了解谁是最好的三点射手; 而且小妖明日之星砰然声泡竞赛, 了解哪一个运动员以最愉快的方式泡球。
在不久之后，全体红演员上演的休息是联盟的贸易截止期限。 在这日期之后，队没被允许和季节的剩余者的彼此交换运动员，虽然他们可能仍然签署并且释放运动员。 主要的贸易时常被完成正确地在贸易截止期限之前, 作总经理的那日子狂热的时间。
在四月底左右，例行赛结束。 它在投票为个体奖赏开始的这次期间, 连同荣誉全联盟的 postseason 的选择联成一组。 第六个年度杰出男性奖赏对最好的运动员脱落长椅子有。 (不他的队的出发) 年度之新手奖赏被颁发到最杰出的第一-年的运动员。 最改良的运动员奖赏从前一个季节起被颁发到被认为到的运动员已经显示最大多数的进步。 那年的防御运动员奖赏被颁发到联盟最好的防御者。 年度之教练奖赏被颁发到已经具有最积极的重要性到一个队的教练。 最有价值的运动员奖赏对被认为最有价值的运动员有为 (他的队) 那季节。 另外地，喜好运动的新闻颁年奖赏的一个非正式 (但是广泛公开的) 主管给被宣判到的总经理已经为他的许可的利益运行最好的工作。
postseason 队是所有-全美篮球协会队，所有-防御的队和所有-新手队; 每个有五个运动员。 有三个所有-全美篮球协会队,在每个位置有最上面的运动员, 藉由最令人想要的第一-队的状态。 有二个所有-防御的队,在每个位置有最上面的防御者。 也有二个所有-新手队,首先有顶端-年不管位置的运动员。全美篮球协会延长加赛总是在四月下旬内开始, 藉由为延长加赛取得资格的每个会议的八个队。 给每个会议的前三名的种子被藉由带会议的胜利者三区分决定而且正在藉着例行赛记录排列他们。 剩余的五种子藉由带这五个队被决定与那下一个-最好的记录从在会议的非区分的胜利队之中。 然而，播种系统有一个在北美运动是不寻常的特征; 区分冠军不必然地在延长加赛中有家-法院的利益。 虽然延长加赛支架没被再播种, 但是，家-法院的利益在例行赛记录上严格地被建立, 没有关心对一个队是否嬴得了它的区分。
有较高的种子提供一些利益。 因为第一种子玩第八种子，第二种子玩第七种子，第三种子玩第六种子，而且第四种子在延长加赛中玩第五种子，通常有较高的种子意谓你将会面对一个较弱的队。 队在每系列中以较好的记录有家追求利益,包括第一个回合。 这意谓, 举例来说，如果接受 6(六) 种子的队用 3(三) 种子 (如此由于一场分划上的冠军赛播种) 喝超过队的一笔较好的记录， 6 种子会让家追求利益，即使另一个队有较高的种子。 因此，队在联盟中有最好的例行赛记录在它玩的每系列中被保证家庭的法院利益。
延长加赛跟随一个巡回赛格式。 每个队玩一个最好的一个对手--七系列, 藉由赢得进入第二个回合之内前进的四场游戏的第一个队，当另一个队从延长加赛被除去的时候。 在下一个回合, 对抗前进相同的会议的队的另外一的成功的队游戏中。 因此，几乎，在每个会议的一个队从延长加赛被除去。 因为全美篮球协会不再播种队，在每个会议的延长加赛支架使用传统的设计, 与相配第一和第 8 个的系列的胜利者播种了玩相配第 4 和第 5 个的系列的胜利者的队播种了队, 而且相配第二和第 7 个的系列的胜利者播种了玩相配第三和第 6 个的系列的胜利者的队播种了队。 除了全美篮球协会结局以外的每个回合中，七系列的最好跟随一个 2-2-1-1-1 式样,意谓一个队将会在游戏 1,2,5 中让家追求, 和 7, 当其他游戏的时候在游戏 3,4 中的家, 和 6. 对于最后的回合 (全美篮球协会结局) ，系列跟随一个 2-3-2 式样,意谓一个队将会在游戏 1,2,6 中让家追求, 和 7, 当在游戏 3-5 中的家其他游戏的时候.
最后的延长加赛回合, 一个最好--在两者会议的胜利者之间的七系列,即是全美篮球协会结局，而且它每年在六月被拿着。 全美篮球协会结局的胜利者赢得拉里 O'Brien 冠军赛奖座。每个运动员和主要的贡献者,包括指导，而且总经理,在得胜的队身上接受一个冠军赛戒指。 除此之外，联盟颁发全美篮球协会结局大多数的有价值的运动员奖赏,几乎总是归于得胜队的一个成员,按照规则不虽然。 到目前为止已经有只有一例外: 即使他的洛杉矶湖人没有赢得冠军赛，杰瑞西方在 1969(奖赏的第一季节) 年嬴得了奖赏。
在 2006 年八月 2 日，全美篮球协会宣布新的延长加赛格式。 新的格式用最好的记录采取这三区分胜利者和第二地方的队而且排列他们 1-4 藉着记录。 另一个 4个位置被那些其他者 4个队之外的最好记录填充。 当达拉斯和圣安东尼奥,二个最好的西方会议联成一组,在准决赛中面对了彼此的时候，这可能关于这 2006个延长加赛。 这个新的格式确定二个最好的队将不直到会议结局见面。